EYFS and KS1 Phonics
Phonics at Petham
At Petham we follow the Letters and Sounds programme to teach Phonics and early reading. Letters and Sounds is a resource published by the Department for Education and Skills which consists of six phases. At Petham we teach discrete daily phonic lessons which are fun, interactive and follow a set outline of Recap, Teach, Practise, Apply and Assess. To cater for a wide range of learning styles, our teaching includes games, singing and resources from Jolly Phonics and Phonics Play.
In EYFS children are taught to recognise the 44 sounds in the English language which we put together to form words. Some are represented by one letter, like 't', and some by two or more, like 'ck' in duck and 'igh’ as in light. We refer to these as diagraphs. Once they have mastered the initial sounds the children are encouraged to match them to letters, then blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word. Finally, they use their knowledge of the sounds and blending skills to support their spelling. The children learn to read a list of age appropriate ‘tricky’ words, words which cannot be sounded out using their phonics e.g ‘the’.
Key Stage 1
In Key Stage 1 the children revise the 44 sounds and begin to blend smaller sounds. Towards the end of Key Stage 1 and moving in to Key Stage 2, we teach the children important ‘spelling rules’. This enables children to make the shift from writing phonetically to spelling words accurately.
Year 1 Phonics Screening Check
In Key Stage 1 the children revise the 44 sounds and begin to blend smaller sounds. Towards the end of Key Stage 1 and moving in to Key Stage 2, we teach the children important ‘spelling rules’. This enables children to make the shift from writing phonetically to spelling words accurately. The national Phonics Screening Check was introduced in 2012 to all Year 1 pupils and it is administered during the summer term. It is a short, statutory, assessment to ensure that children are making sufficient progress in the phonics skills required to read words and that they are on track to become confident, fluent readers who have a love of reading.
The check consists of a list of 40 words, half are real words and half are 'nonsense' words; the nonsense words will be shown to your child with a picture of an alien. This not only makes the check a bit more fun, but provides the children with a context for the nonsense words.
Please find below a video demonstrating the correct pronunciation of each sound.